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Report No. 109 - Effects of Ionizing Radiation on Aquatic Organisms (1991)

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Report No. 109 was prepared in recognition of the fact that while the control of the discharge of radioactive effluents or wastes to the aquatic environment is based on the potential exposure of humans, rational resource management requires that the potential exposure of populations of aquatic organisms be assessed and included in any consideration of the overall acceptability of proposed or expected waste disposal practices. The Report reviews the available literature on the effects of ionizing radiation on aquatic organisms, provides guidance for a dose rate below which deleterious effects to aquatic populations are acceptably low and provides a series of simple dosimetric models that can be employed to demonstrate compliance with such a standard. The Report evaluates the validity of the conclusion that adequate protection of humans ensures appropriate protection of other living thing. The Report also includes recommendations for pertinent future research. Major sections of the Report treat effects due to acute exposure, effects due to chronic exposure, cytogenetic and genetic effects, criteria for the protection of populations of aquatic organisms, environmental dosimetry and dose to aquatic organisms and man from environment radioactivity. An appendix to the Report treats dose rate estimates to aquatic biota at selected example sites.
Scientific Committee:
William L. Templeton, Co-Chairman
B. Gordon Blaylock, Co-Chairman

David W. Engel
Andrew D. Kligerman
Allyn Seymour
John R. Trabalka
Dennis S. Woodhead
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