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Report No. 131 - Scientific Basis for Evaluating the Risks to Populations from Space Applications of Plutonium (2001)

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Report No. 131 (2001) has considered in a broad sense the scientific bases needed to formulate models and define model parameters for an assessment of the risks to the general population and the environment from space applications of Pu-239. As such the following topical areas have been critically reviewed, with emphasis on the particular physical and chemical forms of plutonium pertinent to space applications: - the physical and chemical properties of Pu-238 oxides; - manufacturing processes for Pu-238 RTGs and characteristics of destroyed fuel forms; -environmental transport of released Pu-238 and Pu-239 in the atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere; -metabolism and biokinetics of inhaled, ingested and transcutaneously absorbed Pu-238 and Pu-239 in man and experimental animals; -dosimetry from both external and internal exposure to Pu-238 in the general population -experimental data on health effects from exposure to Pu-238; and -epidemiological evidence of health effects from exposure to Pu-239 and Pu-239, and human health risk factors.
Scientific Committee:
Raymond A. Guilmette, Chairman

Fred Gelbard
Wayne R. Hansen
William Inkret
Bruce A. Muggenburg
John W. Poston
William L. Robison
Roy C. Thompson (deceased)
George L. Voelz (deceased)
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