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AAPM has contracted with NCRP to provide each AAPM Member in good standing access and download privileges of electronically available NCRP reports, commentaries and statements. This report was prepared by the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP). The Council strives to provide accurate, complete and useful information in its reports. However, neither the NCRP, the members of NCRP, other persons contributing to or assisting in the preparation of this report, nor any person acting on the behalf of any of these parties (a) makes any warranty or representation, express or implied, with respect to the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of the information contained in this report, or that the use of any information, method or process disclosed in this report may not infringe on privately owned rights; or (b) assumes any liability with respect to the use of, or for damages resulting from the use of, any information, method or process disclosed in this report.

Report No. 185 - Evaluating and Communicating Radiation Risks for Studies Involving Human Subjects: Guidance for Researchers and Institutional Review Boards (2020) This is a members only link.

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The extent of knowledge about ionizing radiation in general, radiation involved in medical procedures, and the potential adverse effects of radiation varies substantially among members of the public and within the medical community. Also, although many U.S. academic institutions provide guidelines for the conduct of human research, including research involving radiation, these guidelines lack uniformity. There is a need to provide comprehensive, consistent and accurate guidance on radiation risks of research protocols that involve the use of ionizing radiation to those who develop protocols and conduct research involving human subjects and to institutional review boards (IRBs) that review these protocols.

This Report seeks to fill these gaps by:

  • providing basic information about ionizing radiation and radiation biology, including medical imaging and treatments that involve radiation;
  • identifying the governmental agencies that oversee research and radiation;
  • citing the relevant regulatory requirements;
  • providing guidance regarding the estimation of radiation dose and risk in research protocols;
  • discussing the ethical considerations involved in humanstudies research; and
  • presenting in detail the requirements for ensuring and obtaining truly informed consent.

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    • Julie K. Timins, Chair
    • Jerrold T. Bushberg
    • Patricia A. Fleming
    • Linda A. Kroger
    • Edwin M. Leidholdt, Jr.
    • Donald L. Miller
    • Robert E. Reiman
    • J. Anthony Seibert
    • Steven G. Sutlief
    • Michael P. Grissom, Staff Consultant
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